Andy Logan explains how Cranfield's High Performance Leadership programme develops different types of leaders.\u00a0\r\n\r\nThe leader finally reaches the summit of the hill. All their years of business experience, all that time on management and leadership development has finally got them there. Now they\u2019re on the hilltop, the leader is expected to have the vision, the oversight, to be a military general commanding the high ground, to drive the organisation forward to one success after another.\r\n\r\n\r\nUnfortunately, the view isn\u2019t going to be what they expect, no matter how high the leader climbs. In the 21st - century, all they\u2019re going to see is a mess, or what\u2019s known as a \u2018VUCA world\u2019 - referring to an environment filled with Volatility, Uncertainty,\u00a0Complexity and Ambiguity. It\u2019s an acronym that came from the US military, used by perplexed leaders in response to the relentless challenges posed by operating in Iraq and Afghanistan, but embraced by management thinkers as a reflection of the extremity of the changes being faced.\r\n\r\n"For a new leader the hill can look like a cliff, they haven\u2019t had the chance to turn themselves into\u00a0leaders."\r\n\r\nAll their working life so far has been about gaining more control of business processes, through broader knowledge, deeper insights. Suddenly the leader\u00a0becomes responsible for the intangible, the woolly vision and values, the responsibility for moving forward into a void.\r\n\r\n"It's no longer possible to just develop yourself into a great leader."\r\n\r\nToo many leadership development programmes offer a \u2018happy ever after\u2019 outcome from learning general principles and nurturing particular qualities. Trying to be a traditional great leader is going to lead to failure eventually, there are too many threats to businesses of all shapes and sizes, that will come together and too quickly to be avoided. There aren\u2019t always going to be clear answers, let alone good answers to VUCA problems.\r\n\r\nSo we need new kinds of leaders. They need to be flexible and resilient - as they have always needed to be - but to an even greater extent. They need to avoid the traps of demanding only success in everything, of relentless positivity; to be more accepting of negative events and critical perspectives, not seeing them as something to be hidden away from view but as part of the organisation\u2019s journey.\r\n\r\nAndy Logan is the Director of Cranfield's High Performance Leadership programme.